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The Dangers They Don’t Tell You About This Common Seafood
No matter how you eat them- fried in coconut oil, tossed in a salad, skewered on a kabob, or drowning in cocktail sauce- shrimp is a seafood favorite almost everyone loves. It tastes good no matter what you do. Shrimp are perhaps the most versatile seafood of all; you can gulp them with beer or eat them as snacks with champagne.
Because of their small size, shrimp are generally thought of as one of the safest kinds of seafood you can eat. However, studies show that many of the shrimp we consume are full of chemicals that might just have you thinking twice about your next shrimp cocktail.
Because there has been such a huge decline in seafood of all types, “fish farms” for all types of seafood have recently cropped up and they are a big, profitable businesses. Unfortunately, these fish farms have started their own types of hazards to the environment and contain chemicals that can actually endanger your health as well, if you consume shrimp frequently.
One thing you rarely hear about is how farmed shrimp contains many more contaminants than wild shrimp. Farmed shrimp have virtually no oversight or laws regulating what they are fed or how they are to be kept, and there is almost no inspection.
Most commercially grown shrimp are kept in conditions so crowded and unsanitary that this forces the “farmers” to use high levels of antibiotics, pesticides, fungicides, and other types of chemicals in order to prevent disease. You might think that these kinds of conditions only apply to beef cows, chickens, and pigs, but the same type of problems they face are also rampant in the farmed shrimp industry.
Studies show that the types of chemicals and overuse of antibiotics can cause allergic reactions, neurological problems, infections, various types of chronic diseases, and even cancer. Also, the FDA only has the man-power to inspect about 1 percent of all seafood; the chances that you are going to be consuming some of these chemically laden shrimp are pretty darn good.
What types of chemicals are we talking about? How about chemicals from cleaning agents, mouse and rat hair and poop, along with deadly pathogens such as E.coli, and salmonella. Don’t think that imported shrimp is much better; according to Food and Water Watch, about 35 percent of all imported seafood is rejected due to filth and contamination.
In 2009 scientists found that one preservative that is frequently used on shrimp to prevent its discoloration, can increase the risk of breast cancer in women, as well as reduce the overall sperm count in men. In fact, in one study, this chemical was lethal to every single cat used in one study and it was found to be a carcinogen, according to a toxicology study performed by the University of Surrey School of Biological Sciences. In another study, it was found that this same chemical caused high occurrences of a certain type of autoimmune disease that affected the kidneys of mice.
Scientists from Texas Tech University’s Institute of Environmental and Human Health were recruited by a television news station to test samples of shrimp that were purchased from 30 different grocery stores. Two of the samples that had been imported from Thailand and India tested positive for an antibiotic that is a known carcinogen (nitrofurazone). In fact, not only was this antibiotic present in the shrimp, but it was found at levels to be as much as 29 times higher than what is allowed by the FDA. Nitrofurazone encourages the overgrowth of fungi, and has been shown to cause breast cancer in studies done involving female rats.
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Still another antibiotic (chloramphenicol) was found in levels as much as 150 times the legal limit. Banned in the US because it causes side effects such as leukemia and aplastic anemia. Many of the shrimp were also contaminated with penicillin. Imagine someone who was allergic to penicillin consuming some of these shrimp?
OK, so you think that avoiding imported or farmed shrimp will keep you safe? Think again. Due to the BP oil spill in 2010, most of the shrimp fishing in the Gulf of Mexico was closed down for a period of time due to contamination. Although shrimp harvesting has been reopened, that doesn’t mean it’s safe to eat. Although the FDA and the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration conducts testing to prevent contaminated shrimp from reaching our supermarkets, the limits that they allow are not considered to be safe by the scientists from the Natural Resources Defense Council. Find out also top contaminated fish you shouldn’t be eating.
As if the filthy conditions at the shrimp farms were not bad enough, the packing plants are also disgustingly dirty. Bloomberg magazine published a report in 2012 which revealed that many of the plants where shrimp are processed have floors that are covered with filth, garbage, flies, and that packaged shrimp was being stored at higher than recommended temperatures. At one plant in Vietnam, the shrimp was being packed in ice made from local tap water.
So although wild-caught seafood is generally your best bet, when you consider the tragedies such as the BP oil spill and the still-leaking nuclear power plant in Fukushima, Japan, as well as the general pollution of our waterways in general, being wild-caught is still not a guarantee that your shrimp is pure and clean.
SEE ALSO: Could You be Eating Radioactive Tuna?
How can you choose safer shrimp for your family?
Look for certification from independent agencies such as the Marine Stewardship Council or the Wild American Shrimp, which certify that the shrimp came from well-managed, clean, and sustainable wild fisheries. Or, you can look for the a label from the Best Aquaculture Practices, which shows that the shrimp in that package was farmed but was raised without antibiotics and in clean, safe conditions.
If you cannot find shrimp with certification, look for wild caught shrimp from North America, not imported from other countries. Some of the best choices are from the Pacific Northwest, British Columbia, or from Oregon.
Also, most “fresh” shrimp that is sold in supermarkets were shipped frozen, and then thawed for the seafood counter for that day. This means that the frozen shrimp you can find in the freezer section of your market is exactly the same as the shrimp that is sitting on that bed of ice, so opt for the frozen variety unless you know for a fact that the shrimp on display was caught fresh within the last 24 hours.